The Role of Health Promotion in Preventing the Spread of HIV/AIDS among Adolescents


  • Fatima Kamara Magister of Public Health, University of Sierra Leone, Freetown, Sierra Leone


Health Promotion, Prevention, HIV/AIDS


The prevalence of HIV/AIDS remains a noteworthy concern in the realm of global health, particularly in the adolescent population. The implementation of health promotion strategies can be a significant factor in mitigating the proliferation of HIV/AIDS among the adolescent population. The objective of this study is to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and behaviours of adolescents in relation to HIV/AIDS prevention, as well as the factors that impact these factors. The present investigation employs a quantitative methodology utilizing a cross-sectional research design. The study sample comprised of 500 adolescents who were selected at random from multiple educational institutions located in the urban area of Yogyakarta. The study employed a structured questionnaire to gather data, which was subsequently subjected to statistical analysis using Chi-Square tests and Logistic Regression. The findings indicate that a significant proportion of participants exhibited inadequate awareness regarding HIV/AIDS. Nevertheless, the majority of individuals exhibit a favourable disposition towards the prevention of HIV/AIDS, and have implemented preventative measures such as the utilization of condoms during sexual activity. Gender, age, and level of education are among the factors that impact prevention practices. Furthermore, the present study has revealed that the provision of health education and access to information pertaining to HIV/AIDS can enhance the knowledge and practices of young individuals with regards to prevention.




How to Cite

Kamara, F. (2023). The Role of Health Promotion in Preventing the Spread of HIV/AIDS among Adolescents. Journal I Mappedic: Health Science Studies, 1(1), 23–30. Retrieved from